斯诺登曝美国安局特工玩魔兽世界监控恐怖分子

来源:互联网新闻 时间:2020-05-02 11:55

新华网12月10日电 据美国科技博客Gizmodo报道,美国中情局前雇员斯诺登通过英国《卫报》披露,美国国家安全局(NSA)与英国政府通信总部(GCHQ)安排特工玩魔兽世界等网络游戏,以监控潜在的恐怖分子。

据报道,密件显示美国安局认为网络游戏世界里可以挖掘出大量有价值的情报。通过网络游戏中的玩家互动,情报部门能够掌握每个玩家的社交关系网,为卧底特工打入敌人内部提供必要信息,是瓦解恐怖袭击的一扇重要窗口。此外,美国安局还认为恐怖分子通过网络游戏中的聊天功能进行联系。

《卫报》还披露,美国安局已经在Xbox Live的游戏平台、在魔兽世界和第二人生里都建立了庞大的关系网。通过此种方式,英美两国情报部门在虚拟世界中发现潜在的线人,并寻找适当的机会招募他们。

此次披露的文件中没有说明英美两国情报机构是否通过此种方式瓦解过恐怖袭击,也不清楚是否真有恐怖分子在网络游戏中进行联系,但两国情报部门的行为的确已经引起人们对隐私保护的担忧。

译者:张免

百度新闻与新华网国际频道合作稿件,转载请注明出处。

A briefing uncovered by the Guardian reveals that the NSA—and its UK sister agency GCHQ—have infiltrated the massive online gaming communities in their quest to uncover secrets. The newspaper reports that the NSA has "built mass-collection capabilities against the Xbox Live console network," as well as deploying agents in the virtual kingdoms of World of Warcraft and Second Life.

The report—originally penned in 2008—explains that these digital realms are "target-rich communications networks" where bad-doers could "hide in plain sight". The Guardian also explains how there "were attempts, too, to recruit potential informants from the games\' tech-friendly users." Why such a rich seam? The Guardian explains:

If properly exploited, games could produce vast amounts of intelligence, according to the the NSA document. They could be used as a window for hacking attacks, to build pictures of people\'s social networks through "buddylists and interaction", to make approaches by undercover agents, and to obtain target identifiers (such as profile photos), geolocation, and collection of communications.

The ability to extract communications from talk channels in games would be necessary, the NSA paper argued, because of the potential for them to be used to communicate anonymously: Second Life was enabling anonymous texts and planning to introduce voice calls, while game noticeboards could, it states, be used to share information on the web addresses of terrorism forums.

Indeed, given that plenty of gamers use voice headsets, video cameras, and other such tech, there was a ready-to-be-tapped stream of biometric information, too. All that said, though, the document don\'t indicate that any of this wealth of data every foiled any terrorism plots. Nor, for that matter, is it clear that any terror groups really use such virtual communities to communicate, even though the NSA suspected they might.

The report should raise privacy concerns for gamers. Firstly, it\'s unclear how the NSA ensured it was monitoring the correct targets—many could, in theory, have been innocent Americans. Second, it\'s unclear how much data was acquired. It could be a lot. Masses, in fact. All in, it\'s another example of the NSA scrabbling to acquire as much data as possible with little thought for the impact of its investigations, or, for that matter, the methodology behind it. Sadly, by now we know it won\'t be the last to come to light. [Guardian]

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